What Is Sociology? Is This The Best Optional for UPSC?


If you think you’re a socialistic person, This SOCIOLOGY will be the right optional subject for you. With this aptitude, you can express sociology from yourself.

Auguste Comte – Father Of Sociology was the first person in the history who used the term. From the FRENCH context, the term is spelt as SOCIOLOGE and similarly in ENGLISH as SOCIOLOGY. The term sociology is derived from two words ie. Society and OLOGY. Govind Sadashiv Ghurye (Dec 12 1893 – Dec 28 1983) is the father of Indian sociology. He is the one who started Indian sociology research and developments.

What Is Sociology

Sociology is the study of SOCIETY, Where it deals with the culture, relationships and other patters of society. It is also said that Sociology is everything and everything is Sociology only when you know everything. [KAMALVIR]

It is the study of religion, education, marriage, culture, institution and etc. It also deals with the physical and mental behaviour of a human in society. All the current trends in education, religion and culture are analysed in this subject. Meanwhile, the reason behind it should be noticed.

Since the beginning, The procedures we opt-in marriages have changed these days. Earlier there used to be a lot of social gathering but these days it has come to a low count. The reason behind this should be research and made as a Case Study. Below are a few important topics of sociology:

  • International Relations
  • Sexuality
  • Money
  • Justice and Law
  • Political Pressure
  • Stigma
  • Racism
  • Unity
  • Crime
  • Tradition

Sociology was taught by that name for the first time at the UNIVERSITY of KANSAS in 1890 by FRANK BLACKMAR, Under the course title ELEMENTS OF SOCIOLOGY. Here it remains the oldest continuing sociology course in the United States. The first academic department of sociology was established in 1892 at the University of Chicago by ‘Albion W. Small’, who founded the American Journal of Sociology in 1895